Tuesday, August 15, 2017

Building a Home for Long Term Survival

Episode 94: Season 3 ep 28

Looking out the window in awe, the architecture of a rebuilt United States rolls by in The Walls of Freedom story. Lisa and Dale Goodwin, hosts of The Survivalist Prepper Podcast, join us today to discuss assessing the natural disaster risks in your area and methods you can employ when building a home or designing landscape to help mitigate damage.

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Featured Quote:

"The Walls of Freedom, that's what the landowners have nicknamed them. They keep everyone inside safe."

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Building Suggestions from Dale and Lisa

The first step you need to take is a personal assessment. What threats exist in your area? Learn the history of your area and research possible disaster causers: dams, factories, fault lines, tornado alleys, etc. Before you do anything else, make sure you have the tools you will need to properly help yourself is a disaster were to occur: shovels, axes, utility shutdown tool, communication method if you are trapped, etc.

Now-a-days with all of our technological advancements, we should be living in space age homes, right? Wrong. Many Americans live in homes that were built a long time ago. Even though, some very ancient structures have lasted into modern times, most of our homes would not fall under that category. These older homes are at risk because their structure is already weakening due to time alone. Add in a natural disaster to withstand and they could be in big trouble.

If you every do get a chance to build from scratch, research your local area. Once you assess your threats, you can seriously consider your building options and materials. For example, if you are in a tornado area, you may consider building with brick or a concrete material to make a sturdier structure. It doesn't take a rocket scientist to be able to find out what the local risks are and consider those things when building.

If you are in an earthquake area, you will want to make sure that you follow proper instructions for household decorations and hot water tanks. Water tanks need to have a security strap. Anything that is large and sits against the wall, like a bookshelf, should be attached at the top of the wall to avoid it tipping over in an earthquake.

If you are in a tornado area, you may consider more stone like items for construction, as mentioned above. Alternatively you could build an underground room. At the very least you should have a safe room with no windows.

If you are in a wild fire area you need to be conscious of landscaping. Think about fire mitigation when making choices. For example if you are redoing a flowerbed consider using small stone as a cover rather than wood chips. Trim grass down and trees up at least five feet so if there is a fire it can't jump into the tree canape. Make considerations for your food supply. Would you lose it all in a fire? If so you should consider burying some of it. 

After a fire your landscape options can make a big difference as well. After a fire your property may be at risk for mudslides. Make sure to replant trees and foliage as soon as possible. They will help to mitigate flooding and mudslides.

Long term implications after a disaster can be hard to predict. This is often called the "domino effect." For example, years of drought in California have left huge swaths of dead trees throughout the forest. These trees are even more vulnerable to wild fire. You may survive the disaster but you need to be ready for the after effects as well.

If you have to bug out, you will have to be very conscious of your terrain. You can get rained out, stuck in floods, experience high heat or be attacked by wild animals.  

Building hidden food storage into your home, may not always be the best idea. If your home is destroyed, then what do you do? If security is compromised, then what? If the storage conditions weren't ideal all your food may be spoiled by the time you need it. Rodents can get into walls as well as bugs. If a family member knows about the hiding spot they may raid it for things they like, leaving you with less supplies than you thought in a SHTF situation.

Speculating on an eruption of the super volcano in Montana, we were left with few answers. The devastation would be world wide as volcanic ash shrouded the sun. Even without the weather problems, the ash itself may devastate the bread basket of the United States if the wind was blowing correctly. If you survived the ash and the immediate panic you would be left to survive in another ice age.

North Korea: The Country World War II Left Behind

Dale and Lisa Goodwin

"In early 2013 Lisa and I decided to create SurvivalistPrepper.net and become a bigger part of the preparedness community, we are not the overboard tinfoil hat wearing conspiracy theorists, we are just like you, everyday Americans that enjoy the freedoms that this country offers.
Lisa is more of the prepper and I am more of the survivalist or outdoor type and we write articles ranging from first aid, to food storage to primitive and wilderness skills…basically anything that involves preparedness and survival." - Dale Goodwin

 Sara F. Hathaway
Sara F. Hathaway is the author of the The Changing Earth Series: Day After Disaster and Without Land. She also hosts The Changing Earth Podcast which blends her fictional stories with educational survival tips. Sara grew up in the country where she developed a profound interest in the natural world around her. After graduating with honors from The California State University of Sacramento with a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration, she launched into a career in business management. In her fictional novels her research and experience with survival techniques and forgotten life-sustaining methods of the generations past come to the forefront in a action packed adventures. She has used her background in business management to pave new roads for fictional authors to follow and she delights in helping other achieve the same success. She currently lives with her husband and two sons in California where she is at work on the sequel to her first two novels. For more information and a free copy of “The Go-Bag Essentials” featuring everything you need to have to leave your home in a disaster visit: www.authorsarafhathaway.com


Wednesday, August 9, 2017

North Korea: The Country World War II Left Behind

The news of our conflict with North Korea seems to be inescapable. Every where you go people are discussing rising tensions and asking how concerned you are about the "threat." The news media is portraying this interaction between the US and North Korea like it is a new problem that we must all be aware of but I remember my elders talking about being veterans of the Korean War. Because I listened, I knew this conflict had been going on for a long time and was not a product of Trump's bantering as the news media boasts. I was determined to get to the bottom of what has been going on between our countries. Once you know the history of a situation you can better judge what the possible outcomes may be.

When you Google "North Korean Threat," Google displays the tops stories. The articles I found were packed with negative news about what this person or that person said and do very little to explain the underlying causes and possible solutions of the North Korean conflict. Their headlines boasted things like "Tillerson dials back rhetoric after Trump's North Korean "fire and fury" th..." I was not interested in another left vs. right battle about how incompetent Trump may be or how socially inept the leftists are. I didn't want to read about Trump and Kim in a school yard poo throwing contest. I wanted to know the reasons for this tension. How did our countries end up here, and what can be done to stop the nuclear missiles and help the people of both countries live more prosperous futures?

Moving on, I Googled "The North Korean Conflict" and the results, while maybe not as spectacularly headlined were very informative. Thank goodness for whoever developed Wikipedia. I know the information you get from them should always be fact checked as well but at least they are trying to teach people and they did a very good job of describing the history of this conflict. The average American under fifty years old probably has no idea what the Korean war was even about.  The whole conflict is based on the division of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in the North and the Republic of Korea in the South. Both of which claim to govern the entire country. The division has not always been that way though.

Korea was invaded by both the Chinese and the Japanese in it's history. The Korean peninsula was annexed from the Japanese empire in 1910 but the governing groups in the country failed to make one united government. On August 9th of 1945, in the closing days of WWII, The Soviets declared war on Japan and marched into Korea. The allied forces agreed to this at the Yalta Conference but the United States was concerned about Soviet control of the entire peninsula. The US ordered the Soviets to stop their invasion at the 38th parallel north. The US would occupy the south and the Soviets would occupy the north.

Originally the US and the Soviets wanted to ensure there would be one united Korea but US and Soviet tensions rose as we entered the cold war period. Both sides favored rulers that reflected their goepolitical points of view and rivals to the chosen leaders were assassinated in both countries. Even before the Korean War happened there were pro-communism uprisings of the citizens in the south that were suppressed with extreme force and left over one hundred thousand dead.

Time pressed on and in 1950 North Korea's military was clearly superior over the south. They were armed and trained by the Soviets. They had battle tested troops returning from the Chinese Civil war. They had allies in the south they hoped would rise up in favor of communism and they were hopeful that the US would not intervene in a Korean Civil war. The west did not see it as simply a civil war. They saw it as a move to advance communism and a United Nations Force led by the US intervened to defend the south. The UN Forces had overwhelmed the north but as they neared the Chinese boarder, China saw it as a threat and joined in the war, pushing the UN forces back. The conflict ended on July 27, 1953 with the signing of an armistice that restored the original boundry.

That's an important word "Armistice." An armistice is a cease fire it is not a peace treaty. Technically we are still at war with North Korea right now. Even the original armistice was a delicate thing. The leader of the South, Syngman Rhee, opposed the treaty because it left the country divided. He never did sign it but he agreed to abide by it. It established the demilitarized zone at the 38th parallel.

When the Korean War ended, South Korea signed a defense treaty with the US and North Korea signed defense treaties with China and the USSR. North Korea promoted itself as a practitioner of orthodox Communism and adapted the doctrine of Juche or self reliance with extreme military mobilization. They made an extensive network of underground fallout facilities and even Pyongyang Metro can double as a fallout shelter should an enemy decide to go nuclear.

From 1960-1987 the conflicts between the north and south continued, manifesting in military staging, raids on either country and assassination attempts on the leaders of both countries. When the cold war finally ended, North Korea lost the support of the USSR and it was plunged into a state of economic crisis. Then, the North Korean leader Kim II-sung died. Collapse of North Korea seemed imminent and reunification finally possible. So, in 1998 South Korean President Kim Dae-jung initiated the "Sunshine Policy" to form better relations with North Korea but the US was still recovering from 9/11. President Bush declared that North Korea was an "axis of evil" and the Sunshine Policy was terminated.

In my opinion, Bush was not inaccurate on his labeling of this country as an evil. Some of the greatest human rights atrocities in the world are being carried out North Korea. If you are found guilty of a crime against the government a death sentence for yourself is the easy way out. Your family would carry the real burden by being sentenced to life in a concentration camp for three generations.

North Korea, rigid in their beliefs was left alone. Their culture of self-reliance and military might caused them to think of a new plan for survival, one that included nuclear capabilities at an intercontinental level. Fearful of the potential death count, both in North Korea and in South Korea from a North Korean counter attack, the United Nations and the United States have not bombed these nuclear facilities. North Korea announced nuclear capabilities in 2006 and military interaction has mostly been sea based from 1994-2013.

North Korea has always been very militarily active so what caused the increase in tensions. Contrary to popular belief it was not Donald Trump, although his brash methodology has been put in question. North Korea is now nuclear capable and possess ICBMs (Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles) they have been actively testing and perfecting this technology. What will they do with it is the question. This dedication to developing nuclear weapons has made many countries in the rest of the world uncomfortable, especially the US, their long standing adversary. North Korea's policy of communistic self sufficiency has already crippled the country in a global economic environment and the recent sanctions employed by the UN will only make life in North Korea all that more difficult.

South Korea has had it's own problems in the past year. Their leader was removed by the court and imprisoned on collusion charges. North Korea did its best to influence the outcome of the new vote and Moon Jae-in, a liberal human rights lawyer has been elected. He is rethinking the deployment of the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system and would very much like to improve relations with North Korea.

Now that we know how this conflict started and its historic influences, the next logical question is what will happen next? The United States has a few options according to TheGlobeandMail.com.  They state in their article, North Korea’s missiles: What’s happened so far, and what could happen next, that "Mr. Trump has played his hand – militarily, at least – as cautiously as his predecessors." His options appear to be limited. Economic sanctions have been in place for years and seem to have had little effect on this self reliant country. We've already been covertly operating with cyber attacks on their nuclear facilities that seem to be ineffective. Diplomatic relations between the US and the North are non-existent. Andrei Lankov, professor at Kookmin University, Seoul, and director of NK News said that, "There is a very little probability of conflict. But North Koreans are not interested in diplomacy: they want to get the ability to wipe out Chicago from the map first, and then they will be interested in diplomatic solutions. They will get such capability within a couple of years," in theguardian.com's article, North Korea v the US: how likely is war? The final option is military force. The article suggests that this could come in the form of a sea blockade, cruise missile strikes or a broader campaign to overthrow Kim.

China is trying desperately to avoid a conflict. They have called for renewed peace talks. The last ones ended in a stalemate in 2009. China has called for North Korean denuclearization. They forsee a conflict that will lead to thousands of Korean refugees seeking safety in China.

Will the sanctions and the international pressure work? As Andrei Lankov stated above, very few who study inter Korean relations believe they will. Kim Jong-un has watched other dictators like Qaddafi and Saddam Hussein be ousted and he hopes that possession of a nuclear weapon will lead to a different future for himself.

Jean Lee, Wilson Center fellow, former AP Pyongyang bureau chief, said that, "No one in the region, not even North Korea, wants another war. But Kim Jong-un is going to push it as far as he can to get what he wants: recognition from the United States that North Korea is a nuclear power, and legitimacy at home as a ruler who can defend his people against the big, bad US."

Furthering this opinion Jiyoung Song, senior lecturer in Korean studies, University of Melbourne
said, "They will exchange some harsh words for a while and until Washington talks, secretly or publicly, with Pyongyang. Kim Jong-un will keep test-firing.

"There is no military solution to the North Korean problem. North Korea wants to be recognized as a legitimate nuclear state by the US and establish diplomatic relations with the US. Constantly reminding the world and especially the US of their nuclear and missile capabilities is part of their regime survival calculations. All options are on the table for Pyongyang, and North Korea did propose peace talks with the US a number of times to end the 1953 armistice and replace it with a peace treaty.

"What North Korea is also trying to do is to break the South Korea-US alliance and undermine the new South Korean president Moon Jae-in’s initiatives for improved inter-Korean relations. He’s proposed numerous talks with North Korea and Pyongyang has deliberately ignored Seoul’s good gestures. Kim Jong-un wants to talk directly with Trump, undermining Moon, but the US is reluctant to talk with North Korea unless Kim denuclearises or at least freezes its nuclear programmes."

There is no easy answer to the North Korean situation. This deep rooted belief in communistic principles, self reliance and military might has put them in a very sticky situation. Allowing such a volatile country possession of a nuclear weapon is a risky business but possession of it may legitimize the country on a world wide level. Making matters worse the media outlets in both countries are busy demonizing the opposing leader and emphasizing the foreign threat. 

Tuesday, August 8, 2017

Preventing & Rehabbing Joint and Muscle Injuries

Episode 108: Season 3 ep. 27

 As more of The Walls of Freedom story is revealed, we find our heroine Erika and her family headed towards Minnesota on a train. Vince has recovered from his injury with help from Master Sergeant Bennet. Here to discuss ways that we can prevent and rehab joint and muscle injuries is Skip Buck owner of Body By Buck gym, physical trainer and retired law enforcement officer. 

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Featured Quote:

"Look a robin...That means spring is almost here."

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Preventing & Rehabbing Joint and Muscle Injuries from Skip

One of Skip Buck's training distinctions is corrective exercise specialization. This focuses on viewing the body as a kinetic chain. More specifically, "kinetic,"denotes the force transference from the nervous system to the muscular and skeletal systems, as well as from joint to joint. "Chain" refers to the interconnected linkage of all joints in the body.

Simply stated, recently I had torn my hamstring and then rehabbed a torn hamstring. If you consider the kinetic chain, failure to properly rehab or total lack of rehab for that hamstring muscle, would eventually have an impact on the proximal (or nearest) joints to that injured muscle. Logically, the hip or knee joints would be compromised over time, as additional supportive muscles (quads, calves, glutes) would compensate for the lack of rehab by creating an improper balance of muscles. Roughly, the quads are the most efficient ratio of 60% - 40%. In comparison to the hamstring and glutes.

Skip gave a personal example from his past as well. Giving me a hard time for telling him he would have to call "whine, one, one," he often complains of hip pain. This is because he has had a bilateral hip resurfacing (Birmingham Hips). He also does not have an ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) in his right knee. This causes his right leg to be noticeably shorter than the left. This in-balance in turn causes a "hiked" left hip effect causing chronic left hip pain. Ego prevents him from wearing a Herman Munster Boot on his right foot, so he tolerates it but now we all know what to get him for Christmas.

Take a look at your family and friends. Are they a slave to the computer? If so you will likely notice some degree of the "Upper Crossed System." This presents as rounded shoulders and forward head posture. Your body's compensation for what you are doing is not always favorable.

About 55% of orthopedic injuries are knee injuries. Skip and I have been victims of this type of injury. the most common ligament injury, of which Skip and I have both experienced is the ACL tear. This injury is most often caused by the knee traveling beyond the position of the toes, either under excessive weight or acceleration causing a shearing force. This force results in a tear or significant strain of the ACL. Additional patella femoral syndrome knee injuries are caused by the patella (or knee-cap) repeatedly moving over the femur or tibia, the upper and lower leg bones. This rubbing causes swelling, strains or ligament tears. Consider a SHTF scenario: Excessive hiking, walking or running over uneven terrain. You will be very vulnerable to injury and you increase the risk with every imbalance you possess. This will make you more susceptible to ankle, knee and hip strains.

The second and third most common injuries are a toss up, accounting for 7-10% of additional joint or soft tissue injuries. These are the elbow joint and the shoulder. In the same SHTF scenario, consider the excessive use of the shoulder joint with the need to cut wood (by hand), haul wood, haul water, etc. The inevitable "Tennis" or "Golf" elbow ligament inflammation will almost certainly be a problem over time. Rotator cuff injuries, to the joint ligaments and muscles of the shoulder will likely add to the mix of pain, as overuse of these joints becomes a necessary norm of day to day survival.

Limited or lack of access to anti-inflammatories, pain medications and even the difficulties of producing something as common as ice should keep us all researching natural ways we can find solutions to these issues.

So what can we do to prevent these types of injuries in the first place? The first thing you should do is get in shape now. You are less likely to receive a joint or muscle injury if your muscles are strong. It is also easier to recover if your muscles are strong. The second thing you should do is know your old injuries. If you have an old injury it might not be a bad idea to brace that part of the body when you are putting it under unusual stress but do not brace it all the time.

If you do sustain an injury use the acronym RICE. Rest the part of the body. In a SHTF situation this might be easier said then done but you could perform tasks for the group that put the least amount of stress as possible on that injury. The "I" stands for ice. This might be tricky during a SHTF situation but they do make portable ice machines that may come in handy. The "C" stands for compression. Study how to wrap different parts of your body now so you will know how to do it when the time comes. The "E" stands for elevation. In your down time, you should elevate that body part above the elevation of your heart.

Skip Buck

"I was adopted at the age of 9, and raised in Southern California, in the San Gabriel Valley.  I attended Rosemead High School and was actively involved in sports, student leadership, choir and school plays. 
At the University of Redlands, I was Captain of the football team, earning all-district and all-conference honors, participated in wrestling, and was President of the Inter-Fraternity Council and a member of Chi Sigma Chi Fraternity. I graduated from the University of Redlands in 1979, with a B.A. in Physical Education.
"My college sweetheart, Kathie Morris-Buck and I were married shortly after college and will soon celebrate 36 years of marriage. We have two daughters, Morgan (33), and Heather (30).  Both are happily married and successful in their individual pursuits. 
"I began my career in law enforcement late in 1981, and retired in 2008. During my career, I worked custody, patrol, chief coroner’s investigator, narcotics task force, SWAT, youth and community services (DARE instructor), family abuse, homicide – felony assaults, career criminal apprehension team, child sexual assaults, vehicle crimes, and Homeland Security.  I was promoted in 2006 to Sergeant, and managed patrol teams until my retirement in 2008. 
"My lovely bride and I reside in El Dorado County, in Northern California.  We are currently owner/operators of Body by Buck, a small gym and personal training facility in Cool, California." -Skip Buck

Sara F. Hathaway
Sara F. Hathaway is the author of the The Changing Earth Series: Day After Disaster and Without Land. She also hosts The Changing Earth Podcast which blends her fictional stories with educational survival tips. Sara grew up in the country where she developed a profound interest in the natural world around her. After graduating with honors from The California State University of Sacramento with a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration, she launched into a career in business management. In her fictional novels her research and experience with survival techniques and forgotten life-sustaining methods of the generations past come to the forefront in a action packed adventures. She has used her background in business management to pave new roads for fictional authors to follow and she delights in helping other achieve the same success. She currently lives with her husband and two sons in California where she is at work on the sequel to her first two novels. For more information and a free copy of “The Go-Bag Essentials” featuring everything you need to have to leave your home in a disaster visit: www.authorsarafhathaway.com


Tuesday, August 1, 2017

Brain Tanning

Episode 107; Season 3, ep 26

Description of Today's Episode: The Walls of Freedom adventure continues as Erika hauls the bull elk back to camp with Master Sergeant Bennet. Here to discuss hide preservation using the brain tanning method is James E. Hart, author of Urban & Wilderness Survival, Emergency Preparedness.

Featured Chapter Quote:
"The people have put together the Constitutionalist Party. Voting this party into power would return rights to the states."

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Brain Tanning Lessons From James

Brain tanning is one of the easiest ways to preserve the hide (skin) of an animal. You can choose to leave the fur on or take it off, depending on the animal and the intended use of the hide.

The first step, after removing the skin from the animal, is to flesh the hide. Place the hide on a fleshing beam. The beam is basically a smooth log with the bark removed. Use a fleshing blade (or a very dull knife) in quick, strong strokes across the hide to remove any access fat, meat or left over membranes. You must flesh the skin directly after removing it from the animal. If you wait, the hide will begin to decompose. You have to be careful not to damage the hide as you flesh it. Don't use a sharp knife! You can damage the hide.

After fleshing, wash the hide with clean water and a soap made from natural substances. A lye soap is effective or a mild dish soap like Dawn or Palmolive. This will wash away impurities and debris off the hide. 
After washing the hide, bore holes into the edges and tie it to a stretching rack. The stretching rack is a square frame in which the hide can be completely suspended. It must be larger than the size of the hide. Use a natural string like hemp or cotton that does not stretch like Nylon. Use the bore holes to stretch the hide out in the stretching rack and let it dry for a few days. The more it is stretched now, the larger it will be once the tanning process is completed. If you have to hang it on a wall, make sure there is ample space between the wall and the hide to allow for proper air flow so the hide dries completely. This drying process could take up to a week, depending on the climate.

After the hide is dry, it is time to de-hair the hide if you are going to remove the hair. Removing the hair allows for better tanning solution penetration. Take the hide off the dryer and use a rounded steel blade with a handle to scrape into the epidermis of the hide and the hair will come right out. If the hair is long, cut is shorter with a pair of scissors. Always scrape against the grain of the hair and away from yourself. Be careful around the belly because that skin is much thinner.

Now it is time to take the brains out of the container you stored them in and make your tanning solution. Every animal has the right amount of brains to tan its skin. There are lots of oils in the brain that work as a softening agent on the hide. You are going to get dirty and oily. 

Cook the brain with a cup of water until the brain breaks down. Don't take it to a full boil, it will cook the brain. Bring the water near boil so the brain breaks down into a soup like substance. If you have power, put the mixture into a blender to ensure it is mixed. If you don't have power you will have to use your hands to accomplish the final mix. 

Wash the hide again to remove any debris and to ensure it is wet before the applying the tanning solution. Wring out the hide and squeeze out all the water you can. Then place the hide in between two towels and keep squeezing it. You want a damp hide not a wet one. 

Lay your damp hide out on a tarp. Grab a handful of the brain mixture and message it into every bit of the hide, front and back. Channel your inner message therapist and keep rubbing it in. When you have used up all of your tanning solution, roll up the hide and store it in a large plastic freezer bag or storage bag and put it in the refrigerator. If you don't have power, you will have to use a cold storage or utilize an area that keeps the temperature cool (below 40 degrees). Keep it in this cool area for 24 - 36 hrs

Once you take it out, it is time to begin the softening process. Put it back on the drying rack and remove any remaining brain mixture. Use a large stick or "hide break" and run it back and forth across the skin. Have your partner or friend do the same thing on the other side. Then take it off the stretcher and pull at either side with your partner or friend, continuing to pull on opposite sides all around the hide. Then repeat this process until you are so tired you can't anymore and the hide is soft. You are trying to break down the fibers in the skin so it softens. It will take a lot of work and time.

When you first try your hand at tanning it is a good idea to start with a small animal. Big hides are a huge challenge so make sure you know what you are doing before you try to tackle it.

The final step is to smoke the hide. This is an essential part of the process that must not be forgotten. The smoke helps the brain oil fully penetrate the hide and removes any access from the skin. This works as a preservation method for the hide. If you are wearing your brain tanned leathers and get them wet, you will need to re-smoke them.

Start a nice fire and let it burn down to coals. Place your smoking chips on the fire. Sew up your hide so that it is cone shaped and open on one end. Then place it over sticks so it is help open over the smoke. Smoke one side for half of an hour then turn it inside out and do the other side for a half hour. Make sure there is plenty of smoke but not a hot fire. It would be very sad to watch all your hard work burn up over the fire.

Review Time - The Walls of Freedom
Five Star - "Sarah Hathaway has me hooked! This it not the typical type of story that I normally chose, but since I have started reading these books I just can't put them down. The journey in The Walls of Freedom really makes you stop and think, appreciate the things we have that we take for granted, and begin to imagine what life would be like without all of our conveniences. Throughout this book, Sarah introduces you to some intense situations and joyful events and has the writing ability to allow the reader to feel the atmosphere and the emotions of the various characters, I get into these books and eagerly turn the pages in anticipation for what will happen next! I can't wait for the next book!"

Four Star - "I almost stopped reading after the first book...too much junk about soulmates and love you forever...sort of beating a dead horse. But I'm glad I didn't! What a great take on surviving a different sort of apocalypse. What a thrill ride. The plot is full of twists and turns that you just can't anticipate. Looking forward to the next book!"
James E. Hart
A veteran of 2 tours of duty in Vietnam, James began his survival training at the age of 7 when he was stranded in the Mojave Desert for 7 hours without food or water during a family move in 1954. Since then he has been through the scouting program where he attained Life scout, served as Scoutmaster, Assistant Scoutmaster, Venture Advisor, and earned the Badden Powell Award. An avid outdoors man, he has winter camped in Utah and northern Quebec, Canada, snow shoed in upstate New York, Utah and Quebec, and camped in the Mojave Desert of California, the Uintah Mountains of Utah, and the Piney Woods of East Texas, among numerous other locations. James has traveled and been through 42 of the 50 states of the US. Three provinces of Canada, sailed the Pacific Ocean, and crossed the Equator and 35 countries from jungles of South America to the Himalayas of Nepal. Having earned an Associates of Photography Degree from Houston Community College, he has beautifully captured many of his travels with his camera.

Now retired from a career with the Trinity River Authority of Texas, James resides in Dallas, TX, where he lectures on Wilderness and Survival Training. He is the author of SWET Survival & Wilderness Experience Training, Urban & Wilderness Emergency Planning, 35 other booklets on wilderness training, monthly articles for Survival Life Magazine, and a column and articles for The Garland Messenger Newspaper. James also does workshops and speaking engagements.

"Urban & Wilderness Emergency Preparedness": http://preparedwithjameshart.blogspot.com/p/buy-book.html

Sara F. Hathaway 

Sara F. Hathaway is the author of the The Changing Earth Series: Day After Disaster and Without Land. She also hosts The Changing Earth Podcast which blends her fictional stories with educational survival tips. Sara grew up in the country where she developed a profound interest in the natural world around her. After graduating with honors from The California State University of Sacramento with a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration, she launched into a career in business management. In her fictional novels her research and experience with survival techniques and forgotten life-sustaining methods of the generations past come to the forefront in a action packed adventures. She has used her background in business management to pave new roads for fictional authors to follow and she delights in helping other achieve the same success. She currently lives with her husband and two sons in California where she is at work on the sequel to her first two novels. For more information and a free copy of “The Go-Bag Essentials” featuring everything you need to have to leave your home in a disaster visit: www.authorsarafhathaway.com