Tuesday, November 21, 2017

Dangers of a Two Party System

Episode 123: Season 3 ep.42

In The Walls of Freedom story, Erika begins stands before the Federal Governing Board with Vince. In my book I used a three party system to illustrate my disdain for the two party system.  Our guest today, Dave Shestokas, discusses how this system came into being and the dangers of continuing to rely upon it. Dave has been a practicing attorney for over thirty years and is the author of Constitutional Sound Bites and Creating the Declaration of Independence.

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Featured Chapter Quote

“We did what we thought was right for our loved ones."


Two Party System Lessons from Dave

Now-a-days our political system in America focuses around two parties: Democrats and Republicans. The dual party system exists because of the presidential elections. It hasn't always been Democrats and Republicans. George Washington was a Federalist and he was succeeded by a Federalist. However the powers at be realized a long time ago that you couldn't elect a president without a large group of people behind you. It took a massive effort to win the majority of the electoral college.

Originally the number one electoral vote winner became president and the second runner up became vice president. Once competition intensified for the presidential role, it was decided that this was a bad idea. Competitors would become partners and this did not work out well. History has shown a long pattern of nitty gritty competition between the two dominate parties for control of Washington. Although, it may seem worse now-a-days it is not. There is more media coverage to bring us a play by play of every moment, which makes it seem like there is more conflict. 

The Federalists eventually evolved into the Wiggs.  The Wiggs party eventually split into the North and South during the Civil War. Lincoln founded the Republican party in 1856 from the Northern Wigg party. The current Democratic party was started with Andrew Jackson.

Although other parties exist they don't get as much air time. The Democrats and Republicans have become one "in charge" party. The image of competition keeps the populous entertained while they manipulate laws to favor keeping their parties in power. For example, the parties set political entrance deadlines with arbitrary dates that only someone planning a career in politics would be aware of. These types of rules favor the currently established career politicians who can make politics a full time job. 
The current political parties do their best to block the entrance of any new parties. It is true that independents do make it onto the ballets through state dictated signature requirements but rarely do they make it all the way to a national stage. Usually if the independents have a quality idea, the idea is consumed into one of the major parties that may or may not act upon it

Technology may be the best friend of new political entrants, currently. Technology has made it possible to reach individuals on a broad basis without the assistance of traditional media outlets. For example the Libertarian and Green Parties have gained quite a foothold due to this emergence of technology. 

In Mr. Shestoka's opinion, President Trump has been doing his very best to follow the laws of the Constitution and only make decisions based on the rights afforded him through the Constitution. If there is a major decision that needs to be made and the Constitution does not allow him to make that call he has been asking Congress to step up and do their job. Mr. Shestokas feels that if another major party is going to be created anytime soon, it will probably start with Mr. Trump. During his presidential election he broke a lot of molds to get elected and this momentum could help him to start a new successful political party.

David Shestokas
David Shestokas earned his B.A. in Political Science from Bradley University in 1975 and his Juris Doctor from The John Marshall Law School, cum laude, in June of 1987. In 1986-87 he served on The John Marshall Law Review. He studied law at Trinity College in Dublin, Ireland.
Mr. Shestokas has been admitted to practice law before the Illinois Supreme Court in 1987, the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois in 1988, the Supreme Court of Florida in 2004, and the United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida in 2006.
Mr. Shestokas founded the Law Office of David Shestokas in November, 1987. After practicing in areas such as criminal defense, corporate law, real estate, and business financing, he later served as Assistant State’s Attorney for the Cook County State’s Attorney’s Office in Chicago, IL, from 1994 to 1998, involved in over 10,000 criminal prosecutions. During that time he also worked on the Felony Review Unit, participating in police investigations and making charging decisions in over 400 felony matters.

In 1992, after the Republic of Lithuania regained its independence from the Soviet Union, Shestokas
joined attorneys of Lithuanian heritage from around the world as a member of the First World Congress of Lithuanian Lawyers. The Lithuanian President, government officials, and the Lithuanian Bar worked with that Congress to restore the rule of law and a constitutional government after four generations of Soviet occupation.
http://amzn.to/2jTloKs
Along with volunteering at the Salvation Army providing pro bono legal services for the homeless, David has also given his time at the Quality Life Center to educate at-risk youth about the values ingrained in America’s Founding.

His latest book, Creating the Declaration of Independence,  takes you into the minds of Richard Henry Lee, John Adams and Thomas Jefferson in the weeks before July 4, 1776. Experience Lee’s trepidation as he knows when he proposes American Independence to the Second Continental Congress that he is literally risking beheading. Join Adams and Jefferson at City Tavern as they begin crafting the Declaration and follow the story of how Jefferson came to reluctantly draft the Declaration when few others, including Adams thought that Jefferson’s assignment was important. You’ll even learn a shortcut Jefferson used to craft a document of such immortality on such short notice and how that short cut affects the work of the Supreme Court today.
He has worked with Dr. Berta Isabel Arias on the Spanish language translation of Constitutional Sound Bites: C├ípsulas Informativas Constitucionales . This work represents, in a format that modern media consumers prefer, a long tradition of informing citizens about the country’s founding documents in their native languages. In 1787, fully one third of Pennsylvania’s residents were German speakers. Accordingly, of the 4500 copies of the proposed Constitution that legislature ordered, 1500 were printed in German. Everyone understands important ideas best in their native language, and C├ípsulas Informativas Constitucionales recognizes the growing importance of making available crucial aspects of America’s Founding and Heritage to this growing community of Spanish speakers in America.


Sara F. Hathaway 

Sara F. Hathaway is the author of the The Changing Earth Series: Day After Disaster, Without Land and The Walls of Freedom. She also hosts The Changing Earth Podcast which blends her fictional stories with educational survival tips. Sara grew up in the country where she developed a profound interest in the natural world around her. After graduating with honors from The California State University of Sacramento with a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration, she launched into a career in business management. In her fictional novels her research and experience with survival techniques and forgotten life-sustaining methods of the generations past come to the forefront in a action packed adventures. She has used her background in business management to pave new roads for fictional authors to follow and she delights in helping other achieve the same success. She currently lives with her husband and two sons in California where she is at work on the sequel to her first two novels. For more information and a free copy of “The Go-Bag Essentials” featuring everything you need to have to leave your home in a disaster visit: www.authorsarafhathaway.com
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Thursday, November 16, 2017

Wild Foraging: Thistle

Thistle: Milk Weed (Silybum Marianum)

If you live in the west the Milk Weed Thistle is a plant you will know well. It invades everything that gets disturbed: roadways, pastures, etc. It's thick spiky stalk is a challenge to take down with the weed eater and darn near impossible to mow. As you wack it with the weed eater it sprays out a milky substance that leaves you drenched.

History

Gregory L. Tilford states in his book, Edible and Medicinal Plants of the West,that the native peoples of North America used to treat liver disorders and it is still used for that purpose today.

 Identifying The Plant

Milk Weed Thistle is another plant that will pick the heck out of you if you try to pick it. You must wear protective clothing or use needle nosed pliers when harvesting this plant!

The nettle plant can grow up to seven feet tall in favorable conditions. The milk weed thistle has a webbed pattern on the leaves. They are deeply lobed and grow in an alternate pattern. The leaves are often spiny and the stems can be up to two inches wide. The flowers vary depending on the species and can range from while to purple, resembling a mini artichoke. The plant blooms in April through July.

Eating Milk Weed Thistle

Milk weed thistle is edible in small amounts. The flowers are edible but the spines need to be removed. You want to eat the fibers. They are twelve percent sugar and are sticky and sweet. The roots and leaves are also edible. Most varieties are bitter and remembered only when needed for survival.

*Some thistles contain carcinogenic alkaloids. Do not consume this plant in large quantities.

Other Uses

The dying flower make excellent fire starters.

Medicinally

Milk weed thistle has tonic effects on the liver. The active ingredient, Silymarin, is found in the seeds. This chemical has been proven to strengthen, protect and regenerate liver cells. How do you know if you or your group member is suffering from liver disorder? Common symptoms include: frequent constipation, abdominal bloating, rapid mood swings, menstrual disorders, red, itching palms, small red abdominal spots or sore itchy eyes.

Attention Use At Your Own Risk

I am not medically trained in anyway. I am simply a student. I read and experiment with ancient herbal techniques. I am simply passing on the knowledge I have gained from studding many texts on the subject and I am in no way responsible for anything you do with this information. 

For this article I used these resources the most:

Ody, Penelope. The Complete Medicinal Herbal. London: Dorling Kindersley, 1993. Print.

Simillar Articles:

Bee Pollen, The World's Only Super Food
Peppermint: Not Just a Christmas Candy 
Yarrow: A Medicinal Essential 
Burdock: Lots of Vitamins and Medicinally Valuable 
Acorn Tea: Warms the Body and Soul
Sprouts
Curly Doc
Plantain 

Sara F. Hathaway
Sara F. Hathaway is the author of the The Changing Earth Series: Day After Disaster and Without Land. She also hosts The Changing Earth Podcast which blends her fictional stories with educational survival tips. Sara grew up in the country where she developed a profound interest in the natural world around her. After graduating with honors from The California State University of Sacramento with a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration, she launched into a career in business management. In her fictional novels her research and experience with survival techniques and forgotten life-sustaining methods of the generations past come to the forefront in a action packed adventures. She has used her background in business management to pave new roads for fictional authors to follow and she delights in helping other achieve the same success. She currently lives with her husband and two sons in California where she is at work on the sequel to her first two novels. For more information and a free copy of “The Go-Bag Essentials” featuring everything you need to have to leave your home in a disaster visit: www.authorsarafhathaway.com
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Tuesday, November 14, 2017

Emergency Power

Episode 122: Season 3 ep 41




Erika and Vince arrive at the new capitol of The United States of America in The Walls of Freedom story. They marvel at the various ways the city produces power. Dale and Lisa Goodwin, hosts of The Survivalist Prepper Podcast, join us today to discuss the various methods you can utilize to produce emergency power in survival situations.

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Featured Quote:

"I'm as ready as I'm gonna be."

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Emergency Power Pointers from Dale and Lisa

Before we look at examples of current alternative energy options, you first have to know how much you "need" vs how much you can produce. You will not be able to produce what you use currently, unless you have endless funds. If there is a SHTF situation and you are able to produce everything your household needs to operate the same way it currently does, you will be a beacon in the dark, attracting all kinds of elements to your residence. 
With that said one of the biggest threats is losing meat that you have stored in freezers. Freezers use a lot of power and running them will be very difficult. Can your meat now because you will have limited time and fuel after a long term power outage. 

All power production requires some type of fuel. What type you choose relies a lot upon your geographical location. You can use sunshine, gas (natural gas, propane, diesel), wood or human power. In the past we have explored the gasifier option. This option utilizes wood to run generators, vehicles, tractors and much more. 

As Americans we are pretty spoiled when it comes to gas and energy options. We are used to stopping weekly at the gas station. Using easily accessible propane or natural gas to supplement energy supplies. Installing low cost solar options to cut power bills. Even kerosene is easy to come by in the US. In a future where these options become limited, life will be very different. In many areas of the nation staying warm in the winter or cool in the summer is a matter of life and death. Medications can enhance the effects of these climate threats. Also, some medicines require climate control to keep them viable. Even small scale disasters can be a threat to individuals who rely upon these medications and power to preserve them. 

The average car battery equals about a thousand watts of energy. There are conversions for estimating how many watts you need to run minimal power at your home.  At the most minimal level everyone should own a 600-700 watt power inverter. This is a link to a 1000 watt inverter that is reasonably priced on Amazon. It will hook to your vehicle like jumper cables allowing you to plug in power cords into your vehicle's power supply. This is only a short term solution. It takes about 1/3 of a gallon of gas per hour to power items this way. However, it is very useful to have. For example if you have a wi-fi hotspot you can plug it into your vehicle's power supply to connect to the internet and find out what is going on or connect with loved ones. It is a very useful tool to have on road trips or when bugging out. 

You can also create your own solar generator. The link provided will explain how to craft this small solar generator. It is essential that you know how much you are using vs how much your battery can take. If you over tax the battery you will reduce its life significantly. 


Another major consideration, if you have one, is your well. Well pumps require a lot of power to run. You will need to find a way to power the pump so you can still use it when you need it. There are solar options, hand pump options, or generator options.

You should have a quality solar phone charger as well. Dale recommends the Goal Zero products. They make a very good one that has a small solar panel and a battery. It is versatile enough to use at home and small enough to bug out with. Dale also recommend the Goal Zero Switch 10. You need something small and efficient but look out for deals that are too good to be true, usually they are. Skimping on your purchase here may come back to haunt you later.    

Decide now, do you want to rely upon others or upon yourself. Relying upon yourself means you need to know the basics of power production. Start small with batteries, small solar chargers, and kerosene lanterns and build from there. Learn to make your own solar setup so you can replicate it when you need to. It also would not be a bad idea to have a member of your MAG (Mutual Assistance Group) who is an electrician.

If you have a solar setup it is not difficult to maintain. Bigger panels are build to stand up to the toughest weather conditions. Small solar systems will need to be charged often or the batteries will slowly drain over time, leaving them dead when you need them. With the larger systems you will need to know more technical information. For example, the larger systems have limiters on the batteries so they do not overcharge. It can be complicated so start small and build from there.

The battery you choose also deserves a special mention. It is better to invest in a deep cycle marine battery rather than a car battery because they are made to be fully drained and recharged rather than maintained at a balanced level. Your goal of power production and use is to maintain the balance between the two but sometimes usage can outweigh production and the deep cycle battery will last longer. 

Additional Takeaways
  • If you know how to produce power and maintain these systems in a long term survival situation, your skills will be highly sought after. 
  • If the power grid in the US did receive major damage, it would not be easy to restore. Transformers are very expensive, produced overseas and not stocked for emergency situations.
  • Solar is the easiest source of power to utilize, but it depends on your geographical location. If you were on the plains, you may want to utilize wind power. If you are by a river, you may think of utilizing hydroelectric power. You need to get creative. What does nature provide that you can utilize? For example, gutter turbines may be a great source of power in an area that receives a lot of rain. 
  • Learning the motor process of power creation is the essential takeaway of practicing power production. Once you have mastered that, you can apply it to many different types of power production methods.  

Dale and Lisa Goodwin

"In early 2013 Lisa and I decided to create SurvivalistPrepper.net and become a bigger part of the preparedness community, we are not the overboard tinfoil hat wearing conspiracy theorists, we are just like you, everyday Americans that enjoy the freedoms that this country offers.
Lisa is more of the prepper and I am more of the survivalist or outdoor type and we write articles ranging from first aid, to food storage to primitive and wilderness skills…basically anything that involves preparedness and survival." - Dale Goodwin

















 Sara F. Hathaway
Sara F. Hathaway is the author of the The Changing Earth Series: Day After Disaster and Without Land. She also hosts The Changing Earth Podcast which blends her fictional stories with educational survival tips. Sara grew up in the country where she developed a profound interest in the natural world around her. After graduating with honors from The California State University of Sacramento with a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration, she launched into a career in business management. In her fictional novels her research and experience with survival techniques and forgotten life-sustaining methods of the generations past come to the forefront in a action packed adventures. She has used her background in business management to pave new roads for fictional authors to follow and she delights in helping other achieve the same success. She currently lives with her husband and two sons in California where she is at work on the sequel to her first two novels. For more information and a free copy of “The Go-Bag Essentials” featuring everything you need to have to leave your home in a disaster visit: www.authorsarafhathaway.com
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Tuesday, November 7, 2017

Head Injuries in a Long Term Survival Situation

Episode 121; Season 3, ep 40

Description of Today's Episode: As The Walls of Freedom continues Erika finds herself in a sticky situation while trying to obtain more legal information. Here to discuss treating head injuries in a long-term survival situation is Dr. Ryan Chamberlin, author of The Prepper Pages.

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Featured Chapter Quote:

"That's one tough chick you got there."

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Head Injury Lessons From Dr. Chamberlin
The first thing you need to assess with a head injury is whether the person is conscious or not. If they are unconscious you can't ask them questions about what happened and if their neck hurts. The neck is a major concern. If it is fractured and the neck moves fragments into the spine it can sever the spinal cord causing permanent paralysis. The neck must be stabilized until a collar can be applied. Normally the patient would go to the hospital and receive x-rays. 

If the patient is conscious but has a laceration, put pressure on it to stop the bleeding. It's going to bleed A LOT. It can be stitched up. Limit the patient's movement to limit brain swelling. Wake up the patient every hour for six hours and then every four after that. Check for changes in mental status. Use a flashlight to check for eye dilation. One pupil may get very large, indicating that the nerve has popped off the brain stem. If there is a change in mental status you will need to find a doctor. If you suspect extreme blood pooling is happening in the brain a doctor may want to drill a hole in the skull to remove pressure. Do not give this patient Aspirin or Advil! Tylenol is okay.
In the long term if you've been waking them all night the next day they will be very groggy. If in two to three days things aren't back to normal, this can indicate a traumatic brain injury.  PTSD or similar psychological changes may take place. If the patients had a lot of concussions over a long period of time, problems can arise as well. 

There are some special items you may want to pack in your go bag:
  • A c-collar
  • Flashlight
  • Tylenol
  • Sutures but if you don't have them, superglue or a stapler
You can suture this injury but stitching was only designed to decrease scar formation and help the wound heal quicker. Nature will leave it open and heal itself from the bottom up. If you develop a scab leave it alone, unless you can see puss underneath. If you are concerned about redness surrounding the injury mark it with a pen to track it's growth. As long as it does not grow, you are okay. If the wound edges can be brought together with no tension, you can superglue skin to skin over the laceration. Do not get superglue in the wound. The body can't heal with plastic in the way.
Dr. Ryan Chamberlin

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Dr. Chamberlin was born and raised near the Hanford Nuclear Reservation in Washington State. After graduating from Washington State University he attended the College of Osteopathic Medicine of the Pacific in Pomona California, and in 1995, graduated as a Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine and Surgery. During his post-doctoral training he became interested in Survival Medicine and in developing a way of quickly training preppers to become self-sufficient medics. In the years since he has authored four books on DIY medicine, his first being The Prepper Pages: A Surgeon's Guide to Scavenging the Necessary Items for a Medical Kit, and Putting Them to Use While Bugging Out.Dr. Chamberlin is a Professor of Biomedicine living in Portland Oregon. He has written four guides on survival medicine, and blogs on a number of subjects including emergency preparedness, Wilderness Medicine, and First Aid kit building.

ThePrepperPages.com


Sara F. Hathaway 

Sara F. Hathaway is the author of the The Changing Earth Series: Day After Disaster and Without Land. She also hosts The Changing Earth Podcast which blends her fictional stories with educational survival tips. Sara grew up in the country where she developed a profound interest in the natural world around her. After graduating with honors from The California State University of Sacramento with a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration, she launched into a career in business management. In her fictional novels her research and experience with survival techniques and forgotten life-sustaining methods of the generations past come to the forefront in a action packed adventures. She has used her background in business management to pave new roads for fictional authors to follow and she delights in helping other achieve the same success. She currently lives with her husband and two sons in California where she is at work on the sequel to her first two novels. For more information and a free copy of “The Go-Bag Essentials” featuring everything you need to have to leave your home in a disaster visit: www.authorsarafhathaway.com
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Monday, October 30, 2017

Should You Bugout?

Episode 120: Season 3 ep. 39




The Walls of Freedom adventure continues as the winter sets in and Dexter's drama unfolds.  Here to talk to us today about the risk assessment involved in bugging out and the long term considerations for food and safety is Johnny Jacks author of Absolute Anarchy and Islam Rising.

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Featured Quote:

"My mother is more of a woman than you could ever dream to be."

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Bugging Out Lessons from Johnny 

When "bugging out" is discussed we have to make a few assumptions before we begin the discussion. We assume that the country will be in a state of absolute anarchy. There is no government, no military, no law enforcement, no electricity, no gasoline or diesel. The potential for electrical power and petroleum refineries to return to production for years to come. 
There will be a period known as the "die off." During this time, ninety percent of the population will die within three to six months, leaving about 30 million survivors total. The majority of these 30 million survivors will be Christians that cooperate with one another. This will reduce security considerations at that point but they must have the means and know how to produce food on a long-term basis. 

There are two major considerations to surviving the die off and the initial adjustment period. First of all, you must have food. The minimum you should store is two years of food for every individual you plan on housing during this time. This will get you through the three to six months that it takes for the die off to run its course. It will also provide you with enough food to ensure that you can eat during the two growing seasons that it will take you to establish long-term food production. 

The second consideration is security. There will be as many as three hundred million refugees. They will be hungry and desperate for what you have. One in ten people is a "bad person" who had no conscious before the die off began. There will also be good people who have already broken their personal ethical code to ensure their family's survival. These people will do what they have to for survival and that could include eliminating you. You must have the security of a community. There is no way to survive alone.

When we talk about long term food production there are some specific items that you need to have on hand and you will need a lot of them. You must have a wide variety of open pollinated seeds. You need enough for two plantings and you need to think about feeding your entire community. Gardening also requires a lot of hand tools: hoes, rakes, shovels, spades, etc. Without gasoline powered tractors the work will have to be done by hand and these tools are essential. Canning supplies to store the fruits of your labor will also be a requirement. There are reusable lids but eventually they will fail. A smokehouse and tons of salt or sugar are integral for storing proteins. Consider growing cane sugar or sugar beets. Knowledge of how to plant, harvest and extract seeds is a skill you should be developing now. 
The size of your garden will depend on your growing seasons and the number of people in your group but a ten foot by ten foot garden is not going to cut it. You must grow enough to eat during the growing season plus enough to preserve and store to eat until the next harvest comes in. Remember you could have total crop failure the first season and that is why you need a two year food supply stored now. For protein consider raising small animals: rabbits, chickens, ducks, geese; medium animals: sheep, goats, alpacas, and/or large animals: cows, horses, donkeys.

When you are deciding whether to bug in or bug out you need to do some risk assessment first. Think in terms of months, not weeks. No matter where you live, desperate refugees and bad guys will eventually be a problem. Refugees who live past the first three months will become a major problem because they probably experienced some horrific things to survive as long as they have. If you are in the city there will be no food deliveries. If you bug in, you will die, unless you have enough food and materials to produce food in a concrete jungle. The people in the suburbs or near a city will be absolutely overrun with refugees and have the same considerations as the city folks. If you think you can survive isolated in the mountains, think again. You will likely die because refugees will find you eventually and they will be hardened by that point. If you live on rural farm land, you have the best chance of survival and should bug in. Remember that you can't do it alone. You will need the support of your community. If others in the community run out of food and long term production for the entire community can't be brought online all bets are off. 

If you plan to bug out to the wilderness, you will die. Long term wilderness survival would not be a pleasant lifestyle and long term wilderness survival with your family could be like hell itself. Plus, there are thousands maybe millions of people that will have the same idea. The plants and wildlife supply will become non-existent. If you plan on going to a friend or relative's home you better help them stock supplies for two years for your family as well. You will increase security but the stress of food supplies could be disastrous. The best option, is to have a prepared bug out location. This would ensure your food and seed stocks are prepared and ready when you need them. You better take the time to get to know the community and make sure it is a supportive one. Especially if you buy a house in the country to use a a bug out location but barely get time to go there. Your neighbors may consider your country home a supply pantry if you are not part of their community well before disaster strikes. 

Johnny Jacks

Johnny Jacks is a product of WWII. Born in Alabama in 1944 five months before D-Day to semi-literate sharecropper parents. In the 1940s and early 1950s, he lived self-reliantly, off-grid, off city water, without indoor plumbing, and without assistance from a welfare state, which, of course, didn’t exist in those days.

On his seventeenth birthday, Johnny enlisted in the Air Force, later transferring to the Army, where he became a Special Forces soldier, a Green Beret, and began a career serving on Special Forces A-teams in Europe, Asia, and Central America, including an assignment to Special Forces A-team 102 in Vietnam in 1967 and 1968. He has lived or spent extended amounts of time in third world areas in Asia, Central and South America, and Africa, interfacing with people who live on the edge of survival.

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After retiring from the Army in 1982, he worked for several government agencies over the next twenty-five years in significant positions involving high-level national security and emergency preparedness programs. These positions provided him with knowledge of continuity of government and continuity of operations at the senior level of national leadership.

This combination of off-grid, self-reliant living; guerrilla warfare expertise; and national security policy, which gives him a unique insight into today’s individual and group prepper survival needs and requirements.

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Johnny wrote Absolute Anarchy, The Preppers Guide to Surviving the Coming Collapse. Absolute Anarchy is available on Amazon, in paper and Kindle versions, and is the most comprehensive prepper information resource available today.

The books website, AbsoluteAnarchyBook.com, contains a gateway to a large set of web links related to each chapter that vastly expands upon the book’s instructional information. The first four chapters and the supplemental reading are posted on the website.

Johnny is currently making the final editions to Islam Rising, the first in a series of dystopian novel that he will release in November of 2017.

Sara F. Hathaway
Sara F. Hathaway is the author of the The Changing Earth Series: Day After Disaster and Without Land. She also hosts The Changing Earth Podcast which blends her fictional stories with educational survival tips. Sara grew up in the country where she developed a profound interest in the natural world around her. After graduating with honors from The California State University of Sacramento with a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration, she launched into a career in business management. In her fictional novels her research and experience with survival techniques and forgotten life-sustaining methods of the generations past come to the forefront in a action packed adventures. She has used her background in business management to pave new roads for fictional authors to follow and she delights in helping other achieve the same success. She currently lives with her husband and two sons in California where she is at work on the sequel to her first two novels. For more information and a free copy of “The Go-Bag Essentials” featuring everything you need to have to leave your home in a disaster visit: www.authorsarafhathaway.com
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Monday, October 23, 2017

Broken Glass Theory

Episode 119: Season 3 ep.38

 As more of The Walls of Freedom story is revealed, we find our Dexter learning some hard life lessons, one of which involves "The Broken Glass Theory" or "Broken Windows Theory" Here to talk about the broken glass theory is Skip Buck, physical trainer and retired law enforcement officer. 


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Featured Quote:

People are thinking and waking up."

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The Broken Glass Theory Lessons from Skip

To fully understand "The Broken Glass or Broken Window Theory" you have to take a look at the background of policing in general. The first thoughts for a police force was that there should be boots on the ground, mingling with the locals. As members of law enforcement gained access to vehicular transportation and better technology they began to police larger and larger areas. The expansion of jurisdiction took away from an officer's ability to get to know the neighborhood people on an individual basis.This time period was during the 1920s when the police force used the slang "beat cop."

Then in the late 1980s, early 1990s there was a realization that this lack of interaction with the public was severely affecting the success of the police force. They started applying neighborhood policing policies that put the officers in direct contact with specific neighborhoods. There were pros and cons. Having an increased police presence deterred crime and the officers got to know the people personally. However, a lot of their time was often devoted to non-policing activities like contact with the local media. 

It was during this time that an experiment was done in the Bronx. An average vehicle was placed in a neighborhood of mixed ethnicities, religious beliefs and monetary classes. The police dispatcher received calls about the car being left on the side of the road but it was otherwise unscathed. One night an officer broke out on of the windows and left the car sitting there again. They were amazed when they returned the next day and the car was demolished, everything of value had been removed.  This phenomena became known as "The Broken Window or Glass Theory." Basically, the theory is that if something exists that is undesirable and it is allowed to exist, then it will be proliferated. For example, graffiti in the inner cities. When it is not allowed to exist, often the rates of aggravated assault and homicides decreases. The people involved in the Bronx experiment were not teenagers having fun. The car was dismantled by families and individuals that you would not expect to be participating in that type of behavior. The Broken Glass Theory exemplifies a moral flaw in human nature. Individuals may think: Someone else already did it so what does it matter if I do a little more.

The only way to stop the broken window theory in its tracks is to stop the undesirable from existing. Smaller crimes will lead to bigger crimes. If these crimes can be eliminated before they are allowed to escalate, the neighborhood will be a safer place to live.

The character flaw illuminated by the broken glass theory presents some major concerns for a grid down, long-term disaster scenario. When individuals realize that no help is coming and no one is going to stop them from breaking the rules, everyone's ethical beliefs will be tested. As a moral individual once you break one of your moral codes what will stop you from finding excuses to break the next one and the next one. Then there are other folks that are just evil. They do not believe in ethical codes and are usually big risk takers. These risk takers may utilize the lack of law enforcement to take advantage of every situation. It is also these same risk takers that have the guts to rise up as leaders which make the situation even more desperate. 

In the end, the hope is, most people have good hearts. It will only be a matter of time until these good-hearted people stand up and return society to one based on "Nature's God and Nature's Law".

Stinging Nettle References:

Survival Foraging: Stinging Nettle

Post-Apocalyptic Medications with Cat Ellis

Wild Foraging in the Sierra Nevada Mountains 

North American Wild Foraging, Food For Every Season


Skip Buck

"I was adopted at the age of 9, and raised in Southern California, in the San Gabriel Valley.  I attended Rosemead High School and was actively involved in sports, student leadership, choir and school plays. 
At the University of Redlands, I was Captain of the football team, earning all-district and all-conference honors, participated in wrestling, and was President of the Inter-Fraternity Council and a member of Chi Sigma Chi Fraternity. I graduated from the University of Redlands in 1979, with a B.A. in Physical Education.
"My college sweetheart, Kathie Morris-Buck and I were married shortly after college and will soon celebrate 36 years of marriage. We have two daughters, Morgan (33), and Heather (30).  Both are happily married and successful in their individual pursuits. 
     
"I began my career in law enforcement late in 1981, and retired in 2008. During my career, I worked custody, patrol, chief coroner’s investigator, narcotics task force, SWAT, youth and community services (DARE instructor), family abuse, homicide – felony assaults, career criminal apprehension team, child sexual assaults, vehicle crimes, and Homeland Security.  I was promoted in 2006 to Sergeant, and managed patrol teams until my retirement in 2008. 
"My lovely bride and I reside in El Dorado County, in Northern California.  We are currently owner/operators of Body by Buck, a small gym and personal training facility in Cool, California." -Skip Buck

Sara F. Hathaway
Sara F. Hathaway is the author of the The Changing Earth Series: Day After Disaster and Without Land. She also hosts The Changing Earth Podcast which blends her fictional stories with educational survival tips. Sara grew up in the country where she developed a profound interest in the natural world around her. After graduating with honors from The California State University of Sacramento with a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration, she launched into a career in business management. In her fictional novels her research and experience with survival techniques and forgotten life-sustaining methods of the generations past come to the forefront in a action packed adventures. She has used her background in business management to pave new roads for fictional authors to follow and she delights in helping other achieve the same success. She currently lives with her husband and two sons in California where she is at work on the sequel to her first two novels. For more information and a free copy of “The Go-Bag Essentials” featuring everything you need to have to leave your home in a disaster visit: www.authorsarafhathaway.com
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Tuesday, October 17, 2017

Canning 101

Episode 118: Season 3 ep. 37

In The Walls of Freedom story, Dexter's love saga unfolds while the summer turns to fall and harvest time arrives. Today, we are going to do a crash course in canning 101, including the hot water bath method and pressure canning method.

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Featured Quote:

"Not cool to leave your friends hanging."

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Canning Lessons from Sara
There are two canning methods that you can use to preserve your garden goodies. The first is called the hot water bath method. This method can only be used with acidic foods like tomatoes and anything pickled. The next method is called pressure canning. This method can be used to can anything.
The hot water bath method is the easiest way to can. The first thing you need to do is prepare your food. Lets use tomatoes as an example. Put the tomatoes in boiling water until the skin cracks. Peel the skin off and cut off the top where the stem connected. Then put the tomatoes straight in jar, pack tightly by pressing with your fingers, and add 1 Tbsp. Kosher Salt. Alternatively you could make your tomatoes into
Canning Funnel
salsa
, marinara, stewed, etc and then put them in the jar. Make sure to leave ¾” head space. Head space is the area between the top of your product and the top of the jar. A canning funnel will help to make loading the jars easier.
 
Hot water bath canner
After you have the jars packed, wipe the lid and the top of the jar with a clean, damp towel. Make sure both surfaces are clean to ensure a good seal. You should have your canner ready with a large amount of boiling water. There are baskets or plates that you can use in the bottom of the canner. These protect the jars from rattling together and breaking during the process. It is not essential to use one but it never hurts. Place the jars in the canner. 

Canning Tongs
The boiling water should come to 1" above the top of your jars. If you have too much water, simply remove the excess. However, if you did not put enough water in, you will have to remove the jars, add more water and bring it to a boil again. Thus, you should error to the side of more water at the start so that you do not need to add more. Special note: if you have hard water you can add 1-2 Tbsp of distilled vinegar to prevent water spots on your jars. Also, adding and removing jars is always easier with a pair of canning tongs. 
The tomatoes will need about 15-20 minutes in the canner. I highly recommend that you pick up a good canning book. They are small and inexpensive but worth their weight in gold. The book has cook times for all sorts of fruits, vegetables and other recipes. Both Ball and Kerr make great canning books. 

After you remove the jars from the canner, listen for the pop. You should no longer be able to press in the center of the lid and make it go up and down.

Canning Pickles




Pressure canning

Pressure Canner
Pressure canning can be a little intimidating but once you learn the process, it gets easier. The first thing you want to do is read the instructions on your pressure canner thoroughly. Familiarize yourself with the canner and attend to any maintenance items suggested by the manual.

Then you prepare your food. Let's use green beans as our example here. First you want to wash and blanch the beans. Blanching is a process where you put the vegetable into boiling water and then into ice water. After the vegetables are blanched, pack them into pint jars, add one tsp. Kosher Salt. Then fill the jar to 1” below the top with boiling water. The 1” inch head space is critical with pressure canning!

Remember to read the direction for your canner and follow them exactly! The book that came with your canner will tell you the amount of water you should have in your canner. It's usually about a quart. Make sure you follow the directions for putting the lid on correctly, pressure canners are dangerous and can explode. It is essential that you do this step correctly. Then, bring the canner to pressure. Typically, an indicator will pop up. Apply weight as directed by instructions. This will vary by vegetable and elevation, refer to your the book the came with the canner, the Ball Book or the Kerr Book for specific weights and cook times.

Wait for time suggested by your canning book. Turn off heat and wait for pressure to release. Then, unpack your jars. When they cool, you should hear a popping noise. This indicates they have sealed.

Sara F. Hathaway
Author Sara F. Hathaway is an individual with an insatiable urge for learning. She grew up in the woods of Michigan, fishing, hunting, gardening, canning, and horseback riding with her family. She loved to learn about the stories of times past from her great grandparents and grandparents. She learned about a time much different from our own when a trip to the grocery store was not all it took to make sure your family was fed. She delighted in the outdoors and learning how to survive there without the trappings of modern life.

After moving to the rural mountain landscape of California, she attended The California State University of Sacramento and graduated with a bachelor’s degree in General Business Management. She managed many businesses, all while working on the manuscript for her fictional novel, Day After Disaster. Eventually she realized that her passion for the outdoors and learning about survival techniques outweighed her passion for the business world. She took her marketing skills and applied them to launching a successful platform for her first novel, Day After Disaster and its sequel, Without Land.

Sara still lives in Northern California with her husband and two sons where she is at work on The Changing Earth Series. She delights in helping other authors find the same marketing success and enjoys her time that she gets to spend honing her survival skills while teaching these skills to her sons. For more information and a free copy of “The Go-Bag Essentials” featuring everything you need to have to leave your home in a disaster visit: www.authorsarafhathaway.com
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