Tuesday, December 1, 2015

North American Wild Foraging, Food For Every Season with Abe Lloyd; Episode 20: Day After Disaster, Chapter 20


Episode 20:

Description of Today's Episode: In the Day After Disaster story food and fun are in abundance. The survivors are taking a moment to enjoy a little happiness in a very dismal situation. Today, Abe Lloyd, ethnobotanist and author of Wild Berries of Washington and Oregon, appears on the show to talk about wild foraging in North America and common plants that are found in most areas that can be of use.

Featured Chapter Quote:
“It was definitely a new way of life for a people who had become so used to being entertained by televisions, computers and technology.”

Abe Lloyd

Abe has a passion for plants and indigenous foods that traces back deep into his childhood. His early aspirations as a botanist led him to Northland College on the south shore of Lake Superior, where he completed a Bachelor’s of Science in Natural Resource Management. Since then, research projects have taken Abe to many corners of the planet, most notably, to Nepal where he served as an ethnobotanist for the Peace Corps with Langtang National Park from 2003-2004, and then to NW Yunnan and back to Nepal, where he worked as a volunteer botanist for the Missouri Botanical Gardens monitoring vegetation changes in the alpine areas during the fall of 2009. More recently, in 2011, Abe completed a Master’s Degree in Ethnoecology at the University of Victoria under the Northwest Coast ethnobotanist, Dr. Nancy J. Turner. For his thesis research, Abe collaborated with Kwakwaka’wakw elder Kwaxsistalla (Clan Chief Adam Dick) to experimentally restore a traditional estuarine salt marsh root garden near the remote First Nation village of Kingcome Inlet on the Central Coast of British Columbia. Abe now lives in his home town of Bellingham and is an active member of the Washington Native Plant Society, the NW Mushroomers, and the Society of Ethnobiology. He is the director of Salal, the Cascadian Food Institute, an Adjunct Professor at Western Washington University, Whatcom Community College, and Royal Roads University, and actively researches, promotes, and eats the indigenous foods of this bountiful bioregion.

Lessons from Abe
Wild foraging should be done with a trained professional. You need to learn what the plants look like in all seasons to ensure that you are not picking a poisonous look-alike. Proceed with caution!

3 Go-To Plants Commonly Found In The US


  • Service Berry
    • A shrubby plant to a small tree size.
    • Part of the rose family and has fruit with a very floral flavor.
    • Seeds have a slight almond flavor and are a little large.
    • Berries are red to purple and the size of small blueberries.
    • You can cook in a pie and they pair well with cherries.
    • These are found in every state.

  • Acorns
    • Many types of oaks exist throughout the US and natives used them as a staple in their diets.  
    • The inside is bitter and must be transformed by leaching it, drying it and leaching it.
    • Makes great flour for bread, use it in a cornbread recipe
    • Links to my blogs on using acorns:

  • Stinging Nettle
    • Tall weed with picky points on it.
    • Provides immunity boost
    • Can be used early summer or late spring
    • Can use in teas for alergy relief
    • Seeds - not super tasty but can be put in a smoothie for an energy boost.
    • The plant should be quickly boiled, steamed or dryed to render the stinging hairs useless.
    • Cook similar to spinach, plain with salt and butter or use in an omlet or pesto.
    • Very nutritious and high in protein.
Plants Featured in Day After Disaster

  • Basic Descriptions of the cattail, dandelion and Yampa
  • Cattail - Food for every season
    • Shoots - you have to pick at the right time to be tasty. As they elongate they get fibrous. Peel the shot and eat the inner layers that are white and tender. Get the shoots from plants that are hip height any taller than that they get too fibrous.
    • Ryzomes under the much are best in late fall. They taste like corn.
    • The pollen from the top can be used as a flour substitute but you have to use it immediately.
    • The cattail part on top can be eaten when green, looks like a corn cob.
    • The leaves picked in the late summer and fall can be used to make a mat.
  • Dandelion
    • Grow everywhere and many parts are edible.
    • Dried roots are usually used in tea and makes a rich and hearty flavor.
    • The greens are bitter and used in salad. Harvest in early spring.
    • Flours are very useful and not bitter. You can put them in salads and fritters.
    • The stalks are edible and juicer than the greens but they can be bitter as well.
    • Dandelions are high in iron and calcium.
  • Yampa
    • Not common throughout the US and are a hidden treasure plant.
    • Grow in bald habitat with shallow soil and very little trees.
    • Leaves look like grass so they are hard to find.
    • They have a tiny onion shaped veggie
Benefits and Risks of Berries
  • Risks:
    • Misidentifying any plant or berry is a huge risk.
    • We've developed a sensitive pallet so if it tastes bad, spit it out!
    • Learn from a professional and really know the plant before you eat it. 
    • Berries are many people's introduction to wild foraging.
  • Benefits:
    • Wild foraged berries are much more nutritious than domestically grown ones. Twice as high in antioxidants and vitamins.
    • Unique flavors
    • Growing native berries is trending and more environmentally sustainable.
    • Diversity in your diet is very important.

Links:
   
Sara F. Hathaway
Sara F. Hathaway is the author of the The Changing Earth Series: Day After Disaster and Without Land. She also hosts The Changing Earth Podcast which blends her fictional stories with educational survival tips. Sara grew up in the country where she developed a profound interest in the natural world around her. After graduating with honors from The California State University of Sacramento with a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration, she launched into a career in business management. In her fictional novels her research and experience with survival techniques and forgotten life-sustaining methods of the generations past come to the forefront in a action packed adventures. She has used her background in business management to pave new roads for fictional authors to follow and she delights in helping other achieve the same success. She currently lives with her husband and two sons in California where she is at work on the sequel to her first two novels. For more information and a free copy of “The Go-Bag Essentials” featuring everything you need to have to leave your home in a disaster visit: www.authorsarafhathaway.com
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